Case study: Coinfection with Tritrichomonas foetus and Giardia duodenalis in Two Cats with Chronic Diarrhea

Case study: Coinfection with Tritrichomonas foetus and Giardia duodenalis in Two Cats with Chronic Diarrhea   Robert Lo, Ph.D, D.V.M   A mixed infection of Tritrichomonas foetus and Giardia duodenalis was confirmed in two 6-year-old Maine Coon cats. One of the cats had a history of chronic liquid diarrhea and several treatment failures. Both cats…

Toxoplasmosis In Cats: A Review

Toxoplasmosis In Cats: A Review.   Maigan Espinili Maruquin   Structure and Replication Fig. 01 Structure of Toxoplasma gondii (https://www.123rf.com/photo_81668845_stock-vector-toxoplasma-gondii-structure-.html)   The family Felidae is the only animal species that hosts infective oocysts of Toxoplasma gondii and passes through their feces, however, this parasite infects most species of birds and mammals (Elmore, Jones et al.…

Heartworm in Cats

Heartworm in Cats   Andy Pachikerl, Ph.D   Introduction of Feline Heartworm   Heartworm disease is a serious and potentially fatal disease in pets worldwide and it is caused by foot-long worms (heartworms) that dwells in the heart, lungs, and associated blood vessels of affected pets. This in turn cause severe lung disease, heart failure…

A Review on Feline Calicivirus

A Review on Feline Calicivirus   Maigan Espinili Maruquin   Structure and Replication The Caliciviruses are small, non-enveloped, positive strand RNA viruses which infects a wide range of hosts (Sosnovtsev and Green 2003), which, in cats, feline calicivirus- (FCV) is associated with upper respiratory tract infections (Gaskell, R. M., 1985). The FCV is a naked…

Canine blood-typing

Canine blood-typing   Andy Pachikerl, Ph.D   Introduction: Dog erythrocyte antigens are responsible for initiating approximately 70% to 80% of immune-mediated transfusion reactions in the dog. As with other species, the red blood cell antigens found in the dog have various immunogenicities. In health, these antigens are participants in cell recognition-self versus nonself. In disease,…

Case study: Cerebral toxoplasmosis in a cat with feline leukemia and feline infectious peritonitis viral infections

Case study: Cerebral toxoplasmosis in a cat with feline leukemia and feline infectious peritonitis viral infections   Robert Lo, Ph.D, D.V.M   A diarrheic young cat died because of severe multifocal meningoencephalitis caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Protozoan cysts and tachyzoites in the brain were confirmed by immunohistochemical staining. Coinfection of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and…

The Feline Herpesvirus: An Overview

The Feline Herpesvirus: An Overview   Maigan Espinili Maruquin   The feline herpesvirus infection is common and recurring ocular disease is common (Stiles 2000). It is the most studied infectious cause of ocular surface disease in cats (Andrew 2001). Developing latent infections may recrudesce at later points in life of an infected cat (Stiles 2000).…

Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA)

Symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA)   Andy Pachikerl, Ph.D   Introduction For over a millennium and a few centuries, urinalysis has given leads to medical diagnoses. It was until the repetitive use of clinical chemistry approximately 50 – 60 years that these data of renal biomarkers became commonplace in human and veterinary medicine. From here onwards, both…

Case study: Report of the first clinical case of intestinal trichomoniasis caused by Tritrichomonas foetus in a cat with chronic diarrhoea in Brazil

Case study: Report of the first clinical case of intestinal trichomoniasis caused by Tritrichomonas foetus in a cat with chronic diarrhoea in Brazil   Robert Lo, Ph.D, D.V.M   A seven-month-old, entire male domestic shorthair kitten was presented to the Veterinary Hospital of the School of Veterinary Medicine – University of São Paulo, Brazil. The…

Feline Pancreatic Lipase

Feline Pancreatic Lipase   LIN, WEN-YANG (WESLEY), Ph.D   Feline Pancreatic Lipase is a powerful diagnosing biomarker for feline pancreatitis, whereas serum amylase and serum lipase are usually used in diagnosing pancreatitis for canine, are not effectively in detecting pancreatitis for cats.   Anatomical physiology function of pancreas in cats The feline pancreas is a…