Canine Lyme Disease

Oliver Organista, LA Lyme disease is a disease caused by the bacterium Borellia burdorgferi; a worm like, spiral-shape bacterium of spirochete class in the genus Borellia. The bacterium B. burgdorferi is transmitted through a bite of infected blacklegged tick or deer tick (Ixodes scapularis) to dogs and humans[1]. Different life-stage of I. scapularis ticks emerge at different…

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease

Long Pham Introduction Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is an infectious viral disease that infects psittacine birds. This disease affects Old World (Australian and African) psittacine birds and New World (Americas) psittacine birds (Greenacre, 2005). The peracute and acute form of this disease can cause sudden death, while the chronic form of this disease…

Feline Hyperthyroidism

  Sushant Sadotra Introduction: One of the most common diseases in middle-aged and older cats is hyperthyroidism. An increase in the production of thyroid hormones, i.e., T4 and T3, is the primary cause of this disorder. The enlarged thyroid gland in the neck region of the cat is the most common visible sign identifying hyperthyroidism.…

Canine Ehrlichiosis

Oliver Organista, LA   Ehrlichiosis (also known as canine rickettsiosis, canine hemorrhagic fever, canine typhus, tracker dog disease, and tropical canine pancytopenia) is a tick-borne disease of dogs usually caused by organism Ehrlichia canis. Ehrlichia canis was first identified in 1935 in Algeria; dogs infested with ticks showed fever and anemia [1]. Later, during the…

Feline Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Maigan Espinili Maruquin Introduction Cats, as a fur family, require health attention. However, some felines can get infected with certain types of inherited diseases. One of the most prevalent genetic diseases is the Feline Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) [1, 2], which causes the progressive development of multiple fluid-filled cysts in the kidney and in some…

Canine Hypothyroidism

Sushant Sadotra Introduction: Hypothyroidism is a prevalent thyroid disorder that is caused due to the deficiency of thyroid hormone. In this condition, there is an irregular short production and improper secretion of thyroid hormones into the blood from the thyroid gland. This leads to a slow metabolic rate and loss of proper body functions. Regarding…

Canine Distemper Virus

Canine Distemper Virus Tang Nguyen Mai Trinh   Infection of canine distemper virus (CDV) is common in most terrestrial carnivores in the wild, especially in the Canidae family (eg, wolves, foxes, domestic dogs, etc.), as well as certain ferrets, otters, raccoons, cats, and even marine animals [1]. CDV is a member of the Paramyxoviridae family…