Feline Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP)

Feline Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP)   Andy Pachikerl, Ph.D   Introduction Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) surges in cats’ blood when they fall in victim of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a lethal disease caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV). The diagnosis of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is often tough and not very viable at times. The clinical suspicion of…

Canine HbA1c

Canine HbA1c   LIN, WEN-YANG (WESLEY), Ph.D   HbA1c is a type of hemoglobin on which several monosaccharides such as glucose, galactose and fructose tend to bind with and exist in the bloodstream. The chemical linking process between sugar and hemoglobin is named glycation. HbA1c is actually an indicator of the beta-N-1-deoxy fructosyl on hemoglobin,…

Canine babesiosis

Canine babesiosis   Robert Lo, Ph.D, D.V.M   Canine babesiosis occurs worldwide and results from infections with a variety of Babesia spp., tick-borne hemoprotozoa. The disease was first described in cattle with hemolytic anemia in 1888 by a Rommanian bacteriologist, Victor Babes (Babes, 1888). Babesiosis is one of the most important tick-borne infectious diseases of…

Feline corona virus (FCoV) and Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

Feline corona virus (FCoV) and Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)   Andy Pachikerl, Ph.D   Introduction: Feline coronavirus (FCoV) is a widely known positive-stranded RNA virus is infecting many cats worldwide (Satoshi, Takehisa and Motonobu 2012). This virus belongs to the species Alphacoronavirus 1 of the genus Alphacoronavirus from within the virus family Coronaviridae (Antoniw and Adams…

Giardia lamblia

Giardia lamblia   LIN, WEN-YANG (WESLEY), Ph.D   Giardia lamblia (=G. intestinalis, =G. duodenalis) also called Giardia duodenalis, Giardia intestinalis and pear-shaped flagellate is a common and well-known anaerobic flagellated protozoan parasites colonize in human (or in canine) small intestines and cause diarrhea, stomach pain etc. Its character of parasitic zoonoses make them also infecting other…