Leptospirosis and immune-mediated hemolytic anemia: A lethal association

Tommaso Furlanello* and Ida Reale   Vet Res Forum. 2019 Summer; 10(3): 261–265. Published online 2019 Sep 15. doi: 10.30466/vrf.2019.99876.2385   An eight-year old crossbreed dog was referred to San Marco Veterinary Clinic with a history of acute illness presenting a severe hemolytic anemia, and intense icterus most likely immune-mediated condition. Circulating antibodies against red blood…

The Importance of AGP in FIP Diagnosis: An Overview

Maigan Espinili Maruquin The Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) The coronaviruses are enveloped, positive-sense single-stranded RNA viruses with non-segmented genomes of around 30,000 nucleotides in length (Tasker 2018)( Siddell SG, 1995). The feline coronavirus (FCoV) has two pathotypes distinguished by their biological behavior. The highly prevalent feline enteric coronavirus (FECV) is highly contagious with transmission from…

Feline NT- proBNP as a cardiac biomarker

Maigan Espinili Maruquin Feline NT- proBNP The atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are hormones released into the circulation in response to stimuli. These Natriuretic peptides (NP) are synthesized by cardiomyocytes which regulates body fluid homeostasis and blood pressure (Wilkins, Redondo et al. 1997, Connolly 2010)( Martinez RA, et al., 2009). From…

Urinary tract infection caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in a dog

Joseph E. Rubin and Matthew C. Gaunt   Source: Can Vet J. 2011 Feb; 52(2): 162–164.   A 16-month-old neutered male pug dog was presented on emergency due to hematuria and pollakiuria of 2-days duration. A urinary tract infection caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MRSP) was diagnosed, following culture and susceptibility testing. The isolated MRSP…

KNOWING THE THREAT OF CANINE BABESIOSIS

Maigan Espinili Maruquin Our pets are members of our family. And like the other members, they need care, love, and attention. We spend most of our time in the work, school, and other daily activities we have, which lessens the time we spend with our pets. However, we should also listen to our companions who…

Case report: systemic tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis in a cat- Abstract

Source: https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-018-1759-7   Mycobacterium bovis was isolated from the lungs, bronchial and gastrointestinal lymph nodes, kidney and liver of a 5-year-old stray male cat. The isolate was confirmed as M. bovis using the Genotype MTBC assay (Hain Lifescience, Germany), which allows differentiation of species within the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The Systemic tuberculosis was diagnosed via…

Fulminant Tritrichomonas foetus ‘feline genotype’ infection in a 3-month old kitten associated with viral co-infection

Laura Setyo, Shannon L. Donahoe, and Jan Šlapeta   Original article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2018.12.007   Tritrichomonas foetus is a microscopic single-celled flagellated protozoan parasite which mainly causes colitis (large bowel diarrhea) in young cats and kittens. A 3-month-old Bengal kitten showed severe T. foetus infection of the colon, cecum and ileum with concurrent feline enteric coronavirus (FCoV)…

Serum Canine Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity Assay (cPLI) in Diagnosing Canine Pancreatitis

Maigan Espinili Maruquin The lipases are present from a variety of cells, including pancreatic, hepatic, and gastric cells, with similar function, ie , hydrolysis of triglycerides (Xenoulis and Steiner 2012)( Steiner JM, 2000)(Dröes and Tappin 2017). From the pancreatic origin, the canine pancreatic lipase increases in the event of pancreatic inflammation (Steiner and Williams 2003,…

Pneumonia and gastritis in a cat caused by feline herpesvirus-1

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4712990/   A fatal respiratory and gastric herpesvirus infection in a vaccinated, 6-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat with no known immunosuppression or debilitation. Histology examination revealed severe necrotizing bronchopneumonia, fibrinonecrotic laryngotracheitis, and multifocal necrotizing gastritis associated with eosinophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in affected tissues of larynx, trachea, lung and stomach. Immunohistochemistry also displayed…

Feline Tritrichomonas Foetus Infection: A Review

Maigan Espinili Maruquin Structure and Epidemiology The protozoan parasite Tritrichomonas foetus has sudden emergence of its syndrome in the 1990s causing feline intestinal tritrichomoniasis and has then attracted feline medicine studies (Levy, Gookin et al. 2003, Bell, Gowan et al. 2010) (Levy, Gookin et al. 2001 ). At a range of 10- 31%, infected cats…