Canine Distemper Virus

Canine Distemper Virus Tang Nguyen Mai Trinh   Infection of canine distemper virus (CDV) is common in most terrestrial carnivores in the wild, especially in the Canidae family (eg, wolves, foxes, domestic dogs, etc.), as well as certain ferrets, otters, raccoons, cats, and even marine animals [1]. CDV is a member of the Paramyxoviridae family […]

Canine Babesiosis

Oliver Organista, LA Canine babesiosis is a tick-borne, protozoal, haemoparasitic disease that can cause varying degrees of haemolytic anaemia, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia and fever. It is very endemic to different parts of the world, and presents varying clinical, hematological, and pathological manifestation depending on the species and subspecies involved.1,2 There are two hosts for the transmission of Babesia spp., viz. invertebrate (tick) and vertebrate host. Dogs are one among the many targets of Babesia spp., causing canine babesiosis, […]

Thyroid Function in Animals

Sushant Sadotra Introduction: The thyroid is one of the endocrine glands in vertebrates. The thyroid gland has a bilobed structure located below the larynx and overlays the trachea in animals. In different animals, Anatomical variations of the thyroid are primarily seen in the isthmus connecting the gland’s two lobes. The size of the gland approximates […]

Hyperthyroidism is not a risk factor for subclinical bacteriuria in cats: A prospective cohort study

Source: Subclinical bacteriuria is the presence of bacteria in urine with no clinical evidence of urinary tract infection (UTI). Some previous studies indicated that hyperthyroid cats are susceptible to UTIs (mostly subclinical) with prevalence rates of 12%-22%. As a result, many clinicians would recommend urine culture when evaluating hyperthyroid cats. To determine the true […]

Predicting Outcomes in Hyperthyroid Cats Treated with Radioiodine

Source: J Vet Intern Med. 2022 Jan-Feb; 36(1): 49–58. doi: 10.1111/jvim.16319.   Hyperthyroidism is a common disease in cats, and mostly afflicts cats middle-aged and older. It is caused by the overproduction of thyroid hormone by the thyroid glands. Radioiodine (131 I) is the treatment of choice to restore euthyroidism with a single dose of radiation […]

A Dosing Algorithm for Individualized Radioiodine Treatment of Cats with Hyperthyroidism

Source: J Vet Intern Med. 2021 Sep;35(5):2140-2151. doi: 10.1111/jvim.16228.   Hyperthyroidism is a common disease in cats, and mostly afflicts cats middle-aged and older. It is caused by the overproduction of thyroid hormone by the thyroid glands. In affected cats, a wide variety of signs usually develop, but these are usually subtle at first, and […]

Lameness, Generalised Myopathy and Myalgia in an Adult Cat with Toxoplasmosis- Abstract Butts DR, Langley-Hobbs SJ.

Source: JFMS Open Rep. 2020 Mar 13;6(1):2055116920909668. doi: 10.1177/2055116920909668.   A 2-year-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat presented with an 18-month history of intermittent lameness on all four limbs. The cat was markedly lame on all four limbs. Physical examination detected pain on palpation of the calcaneus bone and Achilles tendon bilaterally, and general resentment […]

Generalized Alopecia with Vasculitis-Like Changes in a Dog with Babesiosis- Abstract Tasaki Y, Miura N, Iyori K, Nishifuji K, Endo Y, Momoi Y. J

Source: Vet Med Sci. 2013 Oct;75(10):1367-9. doi: 10.1292/jvms.12-0482.   A 12-year-old, intact female Satsuma dog was referred to the Kagoshima University Veterinary Teaching Hospital due to skin lesions. Clinical symptoms include erythema, crusts and desquamation on the truck, papules and erosions in the pinnae, and multiple areas of skin necrosis on the right forelimb. Treatment […]

Cortisol: A Short Review

Maigan Espinili Maruquin   The well- being of animal can be monitored from stress levels, which is related to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity (Möstl and Palme 2002, Salaberger, Millard et al. 2016). Elevation of glucocorticoid concentrations are observed in stressful situations (Salaberger, Millard et al. 2016). Fig. 01. Location of Adrenal glands which […]

Direct detection of Ehrlichia canis by PCR in the conjunctiva of a dog with bilateral anterior uveitis-abstract

L Walser-Reinhard, D Schaarschmidt-Kiener, J L Forster, F Matheis, B Spiess DOI: 10.1024/0036-7281/a000318   A one-year-old Maltese dog imported from Brazil was presented because of anorexia, dehydration, fever and palpable mandibular lymph nodes. The dog developed clinical signs of bilateral blepharospasm, photophobia and anterior uveitis a few days later. Monocytic ehrlichiosis was diagnosed by positive […]