Canine Degenerative Myelopathy

Maigan Espinili Maruquin   The Degenerative Myelopathy (DM) in dogs was initially described in German Shepherd Dogs in 1973 [1]. However, the disease has been reported to affect at least 56 breeds [2] with around 0.19 % prevalence [3]. Some of the breeds of high risk include German shepherds; Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Boxer, Cavalier King…

Canine Pancreatitis

Sushant Sadotra   Canine Pancreatitis is one of the most common endocrine diseases occurring in dogs. However, it is more prevalent in dog breeds such as Miniature Schnauzers, Yorkshire Terriers, Cocker Spaniels, Dachshunds, Poodles, and sled dogs. Pancreatitis, a severe inflammatory condition of the pancreas, can be short-term or long-term, based on the level of…

Feline Calicivirus

Tang Nguyen Mai Trinh What is Calicivirus in Cat? The Calicivirus of the family Caliciviridae can cause respiratory tract infection in feline family. Calicivirus can be isolated from 50% of infected cats [1]. When infected with calicivirus, the mortality rate in cats is 67% because the virus can be transmitted rapidly [2]. Feline Calicivirus (FCV)…

Canine Parainfluenza Virus

Oliver Organista, LA   DISEASE OVERVIEW Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious that cause respiratory disease and is one of the most common pathogens of infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as kennel cough [1]. It also known as canine influenza virus, greyhound disease and race flu. It is endemic worldwide and belong to the…

Polyomavirus in Birds

Long Pham Introduction Polyomavirus in birds is an important issue for caged birds, which can cause large economic losses for pet stores and those that keep and breed birds. It was first recognized in budgerigars in the early 1980’s in Ontario, Canada (Bernier et al., 1981; Bernier et al., 1984) and in the southern parts…

Canine Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Maigan Espinili Maruquin   Introduction More than 100 dog breeds have been reported to have Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) [1], with more cases traced from inherited autosomal recessive traits [2-4]. The PRA is a complex term for hereditary retinal dystrophies which features rod and cone photoreceptors degenerations, eventually resulting to blindness [5]. With 31 mutations…

Cortisol Hormone

Sushant Sadotra Introduction: In mammals, the Adrenal gland, located superior to the kidney, secrets essential hormones for the proper functioning of the body. The cortex region of the adrenal gland secrets three types of hormones, and cortisol is one of the major hormones. Cortisol is responsible for the breakdown of proteins and lipids in the…

Canine Lyme Disease

Oliver Organista, LA Lyme disease is a disease caused by the bacterium Borellia burdorgferi; a worm like, spiral-shape bacterium of spirochete class in the genus Borellia. The bacterium B. burgdorferi is transmitted through a bite of infected blacklegged tick or deer tick (Ixodes scapularis) to dogs and humans[1]. Different life-stage of I. scapularis ticks emerge at different…