Canine Babesiosis

Oliver Organista, LA Canine babesiosis is a tick-borne, protozoal, haemoparasitic disease that can cause varying degrees of haemolytic anaemia, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia and fever. It is very endemic to different parts of the world, and presents varying clinical, hematological, and pathological manifestation depending on the species and subspecies involved.1,2 There are two hosts for the transmission of Babesia spp., viz. invertebrate (tick) and vertebrate host. Dogs are one among the many targets of Babesia spp., causing canine babesiosis,…

Thyroid Function in Animals

Sushant Sadotra Introduction: The thyroid is one of the endocrine glands in vertebrates. The thyroid gland has a bilobed structure located below the larynx and overlays the trachea in animals. In different animals, Anatomical variations of the thyroid are primarily seen in the isthmus connecting the gland’s two lobes. The size of the gland approximates…

Breed Related Diseases: Shi Tzu

The Shi Tzu is a small dog- Toy Breed, known for its personality: lively and outgoing. Their traits of being sweet, playful, friendly, intelligent, and its appearance could win you over. However, this dog has the tendency to be aggressive, fearful, bark excessively, and difficult to train. Despite the expected characteristics of Shi Tzu, like…

Hyperthyroidism is not a risk factor for subclinical bacteriuria in cats: A prospective cohort study

Source: https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15769 Subclinical bacteriuria is the presence of bacteria in urine with no clinical evidence of urinary tract infection (UTI). Some previous studies indicated that hyperthyroid cats are susceptible to UTIs (mostly subclinical) with prevalence rates of 12%-22%. As a result, many clinicians would recommend urine culture when evaluating hyperthyroid cats. To determine the true…

Breed Related Diseases: Pug

Originating from China, the Pugs were valued by emperors and used to live in luxurious accommodations. In various eras and places, the Pugs were called in different names: Lo-sze (China), Mopsi (Finland), Doguillo (Spain); to name a few. Coming from the Latin word “pugnus,” meaning “fist”, it has been suggested due to the resemblance of…

Lameness, Generalised Myopathy and Myalgia in an Adult Cat with Toxoplasmosis- Abstract Butts DR, Langley-Hobbs SJ.

Source: JFMS Open Rep. 2020 Mar 13;6(1):2055116920909668. doi: 10.1177/2055116920909668.   A 2-year-old female neutered domestic shorthair cat presented with an 18-month history of intermittent lameness on all four limbs. The cat was markedly lame on all four limbs. Physical examination detected pain on palpation of the calcaneus bone and Achilles tendon bilaterally, and general resentment…