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Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease

Long Pham Introduction Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is an infectious viral disease that infects psittacine birds. This disease affects Old World (Australian and African) psittacine birds and New World (Americas) psittacine birds (Greenacre, 2005). The peracute and acute form of this disease can cause sudden death, while the chronic form of this disease […]

Introduction to Feline Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Maigan Espinili Maruquin   It is important to be aware that some of the diseases your pets may have are actually inherited. In cats, there are myocardial diseases that can be breed- related. The most common myocardial disease in cats is Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), wherein abnormal thickening of the walls of the left ventricle (LV) […]

Feline Hyperthyroidism

  Sushant Sadotra Introduction: One of the most common diseases in middle-aged and older cats is hyperthyroidism. An increase in the production of thyroid hormones, i.e., T4 and T3, is the primary cause of this disorder. The enlarged thyroid gland in the neck region of the cat is the most common visible sign identifying hyperthyroidism. […]

Canine Ehrlichiosis

Oliver Organista, LA   Ehrlichiosis (also known as canine rickettsiosis, canine hemorrhagic fever, canine typhus, tracker dog disease, and tropical canine pancytopenia) is a tick-borne disease of dogs usually caused by organism Ehrlichia canis. Ehrlichia canis was first identified in 1935 in Algeria; dogs infested with ticks showed fever and anemia [1]. Later, during the […]

An Overview Of Feline Parvovirus

Trinh Mai Nguyen Tang Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) is a single-stranded DNA virus that causes feline leukopenia disease. It belongs to the family Parvoviridae, and is also known as Parvo in cats [1]. In the early years of the twentieth century, the first cases of FPV were reported in cats [2]. This is a common […]

Feline Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Maigan Espinili Maruquin Introduction Cats, as a fur family, require health attention. However, some felines can get infected with certain types of inherited diseases. One of the most prevalent genetic diseases is the Feline Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) [1, 2], which causes the progressive development of multiple fluid-filled cysts in the kidney and in some […]

Canine Hypothyroidism

Sushant Sadotra Introduction: Hypothyroidism is a prevalent thyroid disorder that is caused due to the deficiency of thyroid hormone. In this condition, there is an irregular short production and improper secretion of thyroid hormones into the blood from the thyroid gland. This leads to a slow metabolic rate and loss of proper body functions. Regarding […]

Canine Distemper Virus

Canine Distemper Virus Tang Nguyen Mai Trinh   Infection of canine distemper virus (CDV) is common in most terrestrial carnivores in the wild, especially in the Canidae family (eg, wolves, foxes, domestic dogs, etc.), as well as certain ferrets, otters, raccoons, cats, and even marine animals [1]. CDV is a member of the Paramyxoviridae family […]

Canine Babesiosis

Oliver Organista, LA Canine babesiosis is a tick-borne, protozoal, haemoparasitic disease that can cause varying degrees of haemolytic anaemia, splenomegaly, thrombocytopenia and fever. It is very endemic to different parts of the world, and presents varying clinical, hematological, and pathological manifestation depending on the species and subspecies involved.1,2 There are two hosts for the transmission of Babesia spp., viz. invertebrate (tick) and vertebrate host. Dogs are one among the many targets of Babesia spp., causing canine babesiosis, […]

Thyroid Function in Animals

Sushant Sadotra Introduction: The thyroid is one of the endocrine glands in vertebrates. The thyroid gland has a bilobed structure located below the larynx and overlays the trachea in animals. In different animals, Anatomical variations of the thyroid are primarily seen in the isthmus connecting the gland’s two lobes. The size of the gland approximates […]