Kidney Diseases in Cats

Chavezlloyd Alexandria Baldago Cats possess a pair of kidneys located on either side of their abdomen, playing a crucial role in eliminating waste from their system. These organs are also key in regulating the balance of fluids, minerals, and electrolytes in the body, conserving water and protein, and supporting blood pressure and the production of […]

C-Reactive Protein

Sushant Sadotra The acute phase response (APR) is the early typical systemic response prompted by homeostasis disturbances such as injuries, infection, neoplasia, and other pathologies. Acute phase proteins get released from the liver into the blood after such stimulations. Therefore, elevated levels of such proteins can be used to indicate systemic inflammation. C-reactive protein, also […]

Kidney Disease in Cats

Chavezlloyd Alexandria Baldago A cat has two kidneys, one on each side of the abdomen, and they play a vital role in filtering waste from the body. Additionally, the kidneys serve to regulate the body’s balance of fluids, minerals, and electrolytes. They conserve water and protein and play an important role in maintaining blood pressure […]

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease

Long Pham Introduction     Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) is a highly contagious and lethal viral disease caused by a virus from the Caliciviridae family. This disease seems to only affect European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus),both domesticated and wild rabbits. However, a newer strain of the virus, RHDV2, can affect rabbits with previous immunity to RHD and also […]

Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Cats

Sushant Sadotra Feline inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic condition that affects a cat’s gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The walls of the GI tract become thickened due to the infiltration of inflammatory cells, disrupting the cat’s ability to digest and absorb food properly. Although IBD can affect cats of any age, middle-aged and older cats […]

Canine Chronic Hepatitis

Chavezlloyd Alexandria Baldago Chronic hepatitis is a condition in dogs that may occur due to various disease processes. It indicates a previous occurrence of inflammation and possibly cell death in the liver. The inflammation is caused by the infiltration of different types of white blood cells that are involved in the immune system. Necrosis, which […]

Respiratory Tract Disease Complex in Cats

Sushant Sadotra, PhD/Diagnostic specialist Feline respiratory disease (FRD) syndrome or feline upper respiratory tract disease complex is a common infection in cats caused mainly by Feline Herpesvirus (FHV-1), Feline Calicivirus (FCV), Chlamydophila felis, Mycoplasma spp., and Bordetella bronchiseptica. About 90% of all upper respiratory infections are caused by FHV-1 and FCV. Common Symptoms: ·       Sneezing ·       Nasal […]

Feline Herpesvirus Infection- Diagnosis

Trinh Mai Nguyen Tang   Feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1) is a feline respiratory infection virus also known as feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) [1]. The Herpes virus was first isolated by scientists Crandell and Maurer in 1958 in cats with respiratory infections [2]. This virus has a prominent genome with large double stranded DNA, belonging to the […]

Canine Lyme Disease

Oliver Organista, LA Lyme disease is a disease caused by the bacterium Borellia burdorgferi; a worm like, spiral-shape bacterium of spirochete class in the genus Borellia. The bacterium B. burgdorferi is transmitted through a bite of infected blacklegged tick or deer tick (Ixodes scapularis) to dogs and humans[1]. Different life-stage of I. scapularis ticks emerge at different […]

Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease

Long Pham Introduction Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is an infectious viral disease that infects psittacine birds. This disease affects Old World (Australian and African) psittacine birds and New World (Americas) psittacine birds (Greenacre, 2005). The peracute and acute form of this disease can cause sudden death, while the chronic form of this disease […]