Antibiotic resistance is a growing concern in both human and veterinary medicine and has received attention from veterinary governing bodies worldwide. In addition to calls for judicious use of antibiotics, the close relationship between humans and animals leads to concerns of spread of resistant bacteria from animals to humans in close contact.
Multiple studies have been conducted to characterize veterinary use of antimicrobials in countries throughout the world. A recent study examined the use of antibiotics for dogs in Spain.
Investigators randomly selected 30 veterinary practices, representing 29 zip codes in Madrid, for participation in the retrospective survey. The records of 20 canine patients that received antimicrobials between January and July 2017 were evaluated from each participating clinic. Data were collected and analyzed on each patient, condition treated, antibiotic (s) prescribed, and diagnostics performed, including culture, sensitivity testing and cytology.
For the purposes of the study, antibiotic use was classified as either therapeutic, when prescribed for the treatment of a medical condition, or prophylactic, when prescribed in conjunction with a surgical procedure.
Bioguard Antibiotic susceptibility test: view