Canine Parainfluenza Virus

Oliver Organista, LA   DISEASE OVERVIEW Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious that cause respiratory disease and is one of the most common pathogens of infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as kennel cough [1]. It also known as canine influenza virus, greyhound disease and race flu. It is endemic worldwide and belong to the…

Polyomavirus in Birds

Long Pham Introduction Polyomavirus in birds is an important issue for caged birds, which can cause large economic losses for pet stores and those that keep and breed birds. It was first recognized in budgerigars in the early 1980’s in Ontario, Canada (Bernier et al., 1981; Bernier et al., 1984) and in the southern parts…