Canine Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Maigan Espinili Maruquin   Introduction More than 100 dog breeds have been reported to have Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) [1], with more cases traced from inherited autosomal recessive traits [2-4]. The PRA is a complex term for hereditary retinal dystrophies which features rod and cone photoreceptors degenerations, eventually resulting to blindness [5]. With 31 mutations…

Cortisol Hormone

Sushant Sadotra Introduction: In mammals, the Adrenal gland, located superior to the kidney, secrets essential hormones for the proper functioning of the body. The cortex region of the adrenal gland secrets three types of hormones, and cortisol is one of the major hormones. Cortisol is responsible for the breakdown of proteins and lipids in the…